The large majority of Americans are thinking today Obama is no different than other US presidents. The mid election result pushed Mr. Obama to do some changes both in his policies and international activities. It’s clear that Obama’s mere rhetoric no longer works to galvanize Americans to support for a second term. He is bargaining hard with his oval office position not only domestically but at international stage. Now, the question is – Is Obama working on to shape the Global Geopolitics?
The recent so expensive trip to India, which was criticized by many republicans, has shown a dramatic success as many analysts say it as a ‘Political Motivation’. Indeed, Obama’s more than 4,300 words long historic speech at Indian Parliament is one of his best speech. Obama ‘s prolific speech has focused not only on India but also on Global Geopolitics.
On Pakistan: The President has heavily criticized Pakistan for not taking active action both on terrorism and Mumbai attackers. He explicitly said –
“We will continue to insist to Pakistan’s leaders that terrorist safe-havens within their borders are unacceptable, and that the terrorists behind the Mumbai attacks be brought to justice.”
Arguing that US will not meditate between the two conflicts nations, he made it clear that only people of two nations can resolve the Kashmir issue.
“We will continue to welcome dialogue between India and Pakistan, even as we recognize that disputes between your two countries can only be resolved by the people of your two countries.”
On India’s ambitious UNSC: Though analysts say it a mere political motivation, but, the body language of state politicians made it clear that Obama is their all time favorite leader.
“The just and sustainable international order that America seeks includes a United Nations that is efficient, effective, credible and legitimate. That is why I can say today—in the years ahead, I look forward to a reformed U.N. Security Council that includes India as a permanent member.”
On Afghanistan: Insisting on US Army deployment, Obama said to the world that they will work on Afghanistan as long as the country does not succeed in their own security.
. “We’re making progress in our mission to break the Taliban’s momentum and to train Afghan forces so they can take the lead for their security. And while I have made it clear that American forces will begin the transition to Afghan responsibility next summer, I have also made it clear that America’s commitment to the Afghan people will endure. The United States will not abandon the people of Afghanistan—or the region—to the violent extremists who threaten us all.”
On Burma’s Dictatorship and Human Rights: Obama has strongly criticized Burma’s dictatorship and persuaded India to take responsibility to act.
Every country will follow its own path. No one nation has a monopoly on wisdom, and no nation should ever try to impose its values on another. But when peaceful democratic movements are suppressed—as in Burma—then the democracies of the world cannot remain silent. For it is unacceptable to gun down peaceful protesters and incarcerate political prisoners decade after decade. It is unacceptable to hold the aspirations of an entire people hostage to the greed and paranoia of a bankrupt regime. It is unacceptable to steal an election, as the regime in Burma has done again for all the world to see.
Faced with such gross violations of human rights, it is the responsibility of the international community—especially leaders like the United States and India—to condemn it. If I can be frank, in international fora, India has often avoided these issues. But speaking up for those who cannot do so for themselves is not interfering in the affairs of other countries. It’s not violating the rights of sovereign nations. It’s staying true to our democratic principles. It’s giving meaning to the human rights that we say are universal. And it sustains the progress that in Asia and around the world has helped turn dictatorships into democracies and ultimately increased our security in the world.
On Nuclear Weapons: Remembering his controversial Noble prize, Obama reiterated and gave importance on world without nuclear power.
Since I took office, the United States has reduced the role of nuclear weapons in our national security strategy, and agreed with Russia to reduce our arsenals. We have put preventing nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism at the top of our nuclear agenda, and strengthened the cornerstone of the global non-proliferation regime—the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
We can make it clear that even as every nation has the right to peaceful nuclear energy, every nation must also meet its international obligations—and that includes the Islamic Republic of Iran. And together, we can pursue a vision that Indian leaders have espoused since independence—a world without nuclear weapons.
Free Trade: Mr. President has once again explained the importance of free trade and said, the US market is always open to the whole world. He further argued that the major economies should work together for our mutual growth and to re -balance the world economy and to strengthen the international financial system.
Together we can resist the protectionism that stifles growth and innovation. The united states remains – and will continue to main-one of the most open economies in the world. By opening markets and reducing barriers to foreign investment, India can realize its full economic potential as well.
Obama at G20 summit: Defending his country’s foreign policy, for pumping of $600bn into the economy to boost the recovery, obama said –
“In a prudent, stable way, we want to make sure that we are boosting growth rates at home as well as abroad. It is difficult to do that if we start seeing the huge imbalances redevelop that helped to contribute to the crisis that we just went through.”
Obama defined at G20 summit in Seoul that “Shared Interest” can only be a solution to re-balance the world economy. He said that the US alone could not restore balance growth and asked the major economies to do their part.
“When all nations do their part… we all benefit from higher growth.”
On International Trade: Mr. Obama explained that only production can lead the world into bankruptcy and insists on to increase the world consumptions.
“We all now recognize that the foundation for a strong and durable recovery will not materialize if American households stop saving and go back to spending based on borrowing.
“Yet, no one country can achieve our joint objective of a strong, sustainable, and balanced recovery on its own.
“Just as the United States must change, so too must those economies that have previously relied on exports to offset weaknesses in their down demand.”
On China’s Currency Devaluation: Obama implicitly pledged the G20 major economies to act on currency devaluation.
“that helped to contribute to the crisis that we just went through”.
“Exchange rates must reflect economic realities.”
“Emerging economies need to allow for currencies that are market-driven. This is something that I raised with President Hu of China and we will closely watch the appreciation of China’s currency.”
From the above, it is quite clear that Mr. Obama is working hard not to restore his image but also to restore the American dream. He once said during his presidential inauguration speech ““Well I do not accept second-place for the United States of America. As hard as it may be, as uncomfortable and contentious as the debates may be, it’s time to get serious about fixing the problems that are hampering our growth.”
His oval office is ready to act whether it is Iran or China or any European country and he made it clear that America is no way going to tolerate any monopoly on wisdom. But, It does not seem Obama can get success overn. He has to work and act continuously and we have to wait to see whether Obama will able to make a second term.
Picture Courtesy: http://www. thecurrent.theatlantic.com